Delhi : The Mega City
The capital of India
Delhi is the capital of India or New Delhi is the capital of India lies in North or Central India. Delhi is also called as Mega City. Delhi is also count as Union Territory of India. Delhi is officially announced as National Capital Territory (NCT). Because Delhi was counted as Union Territory, so Police of Delhi doesn’t come under of Government of Delhi which means Chief Minister (CM). The population of Delhi is 3,11,81,000 approx. Delhi is surrounded by two India states, like Haryana and Uttar Pradesh on the east . The NCT boundaries includes some cities of other states like Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida these area are called as National Capital Region (NCR). The popular borders of Delhi are Tikri Border, Singhu Border and Ghazipur Border. Delhi is world’s second largest urban area.
If we talk about The History of Delhi,
Delhi was found on 6th Century B.C. . On 1911 Delhi was formed as Capital and on 1956 it was formed as Union Territory and on 1st February 1992 Delhi become as National Capital Territory.
Which place is better to visit in Delhi…?
Now let’s talk about the monuments of Delhi. There are many monuments in Delhi like:-
Red Fort is a historical Fort in Old Delhi. This was made by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. He decided this plan to construct Red Fort on 12 May 1638, this action was taken when that time India’s capital was Agra so for that Memorial capital he construct the Taj Mahal but when Shah Jahan change the capital of India from Agra to Delhi so Shah Jahan made Red Fort for the memorial Capital. It took 8 years to complete the construction of Red Fort, it was started on 12 May 1639 and finished on 6 April 1648. This was made for Ustad Ahmad Lahori. On every Independence Day Prime Minister of India host the India flag above the Lahori Gate.
In front of Red Fort there is a main food market Chandni Chowk, so lets talk about Chandni Chowk then we will move to other monuments..
Chandni Chowk count as oldest and busiest market and it is also counted as big wholesale market of India. Because it is a very big wholesale market of India so it is also a very populated area in all over the India. Chandni Chowk is very near to Delhi railway station. There are many food stall and Chandni chowk is also famous for food, there are some shopping stalls also like clothes accessories, hair accessories, cooking accessories and etc. Chandni Chowk was found by Shahjahanabad. It is also near to the Yamuna river. There are three Road divided in Chandni Chowk when it was founded by Shahjahanbad like Urdu Bazaar, Johri Bazaar and Fatehpuri Bazaar. People say that this area is also popular as spices and golgappa which means pani puri.
Now let’s talk about other monument
Jama masjid also called Masjid-i Jehan Numa. Jama masjid world’s largest mosque. It was made on 1656 and it took 1 million rupees to make it. This is made of Red stone and marbles. The total height of Jama Masjid is 41meters (135 feet). It took 6 years to complete it. This was made by Shahjahanabad. It has the big courtyard next to the entrance gate
Lotus temple is located in Delhi, it comes under Bahá’í house of worship. The shape of the Lotus Temple very similar to Lotus flower. It has also won numerous architectural awards. It was completed on 13 May 1986 and opened on 24 December 1986. It is around 70 diameter. The Government of India says this Temple takes 500 kilowatt and it is finest for us so 120 KW just provided by the solar power which is generated by solar panel. This saves 1,20,000 rupees per month to the government and it is the first temple of India which use solar power to save electricity.
India Gate, some people also says ‘All India War Memorial’. It is located in Rajpath (or in front of Rashtrapati bhavan). It is constructed for those 70,000 soldiers of British India Army who died in 1914 and 1921 at the time of First World War. And now also there is a place called Amar Jawan Jyoti in which the Army/Soldiers who died every year, Prime minister of India salute them for their respect for India. It is said that, the 70,000 soldiers who died in First World War, their names are scripted on the wall of India Gate. This Monument was made by Edwin Lutyens on 10 February 1921.